Thursday, September 26, 2013

To Ying-kwan 杜應坤 (1905)

updated December 20, 2013.

Hong Kong nlt.1900.

HONG KONG. LMSHK 1905. Authorized to practice July 8, 1908 [1]. Authorized medical practitioner to sign medical certificates of death 1908. Public Dispensary, Central 1908. MBBS (Edin.) July 11, 1917. Registered to practice Hong Kong October 28, 1921. Residence: #3 Arbuthnot Road 1921.

Siblings: 1. To Ying-fan 杜應勳, alias To Coxion 杜國臣.

[1] LMSHK was the qualification awarded to graduates of the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese HKCMC (1887-1912). Holders of LMSHK were not authorized to practice as private practitioners until July 8, 1908 [a]. From that day on they were permitted to practice as "exempted persons", but not to be listed in the Medical Register and not be addressed officially as "Dr".
[a] There were hospital appointments, more particularly at missionary or charitable hospitals, prior to 1908. For instance, Kwan King-leung 關景良, LMSHK 1893, was permitted to practice at the Alice Memorial Hospital 1893.
Selected bibliography: The Hong Kong Government Gazette, July 10, 1908, Notice #482; October 28, 1921, Notice #439.


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