Thursday, September 26, 2013

Wan Tun-mo 尹端模 (1897-1927)

updated March 28, 2014.

Wan Man-kai. Credit: Twentieth Century Impressions of Hong Kong, Shanghai, and other Treaty Ports of China
The inaugural Chairman of the Hong Kong Chinese Medical Association.

b. October 10, 1869, Hong Kong -d.1927, Hong Kong. Alias Wan Man-kai 尹文楷. Hong Kong [n.d.]. Tientsin (Tianjin) 1884. Tientsin Chinese Government College 天津西醫學堂[1] 1884-89. Surgeon, Imperial Chinese Navy 1890. Assistant Professor, Tientsin Chinese Government College. Canton (Guangzhou) [n.d.]. Lecturer, Medical School, Pok Tsai Hospital 博濟醫學堂[2]. China-Western Dispensary 廣州冼基東西藥局 1893[3]. Hong Kong 1897.

HONG KONG. Government Central School [n.d.]. Staff surgeon, Nethersole Hospital 1897. Staff surgeon, Alice Memorial Hospital (vice U I-kai 胡爾楷, deceased) 1898. Private practitioner 1900. Public Vaccinator November 16, 1897. Authorized to practice February 5, 1915[4]. Authorized medical practitioner to sign medical certificates of death 1915. Tutor in Medicine, Physiology and Surgery, HKCMC.  Inaugural President, HKCMA 1920-22. Director, inaugural board of Yeung Wo Nursing Home 1922. Founder and Chairman of the Board, Great Light Newspaper 1900s[5]. Managing Committee, Po Leung Kuk 1921. Board of Education 1922-27. JP (Non-official) 1923-27. University Court, Hong Kong Univ. 1926 (three year term). Chairman, Chinese Club 華商會所 1900-1927.

s/o Wan Wei-tsing 尹維清 (London Missionary Society minister, Bolou (Boluo) County, Kwangtung (Guangdong) 廣東省博羅縣).
m. [s.n.] (d/o Au Fung-chi 區鳳墀)[6].

Publications: 病理撮要, 胎產撮要, 兒科撮要, 病症名目, 體質窮源, 醫理略述 [I will have these translated some other times. Some are translated works, but I don't know which ones.]

[1] Tientsin Chinese Government College opened in 1881 under the patronage of Li Hongzhang 李鴻章.

[2] Pok Tsai Hospital was established by medical missionary John Kerr. Sun Yat-sen attended the medical school attached to the hospital in 1886, before moving to Hong Kong and matriculated at the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese.

[3] The China-Western Dispensary in Sinkay, Canton was established by Sun Yat-sen towards end of 1893. It is unknown whether or not Wan was a partner in Sun's dispensary, or the other way around. In November 1894, Sun gave up medicine and became a full time revolutionist. The close friendship between Wan and Sun went back a long way - they were classmate in the Government Central School in Hong Kong.

[4] Wan was the first Chinese trained doctor to be authorized to practice in Hong Kong. Doctors who lacked the academic qualifications recognized by the Medical Board (essentially the General Medical Council in UK) to qualify to register were authorized to practice as private practitioners in Hong Kong as "exempted persons" effective July 8, 1908 [a]. They were however not to be listed in the Medical Register and not be addressed officially as "Dr". Wan was referred to as Doctor Wan in government documents since 1926.
[a] There were hospital appointments, more particularly at missionary or charitable hospitals, prior to 1908. For instance, Chung Boon-chor 鍾本初, a graduate of Tientsin Chinese Government College was engaged as a house surgeon of the Alice Memorial Hospital 1890-95, and the first Medical Superintendent 掌院 of Tung Wah Hospital 1896-1903.
[5] Great Light Newspaper 大光報 was a Christian newspaper; its contributor had included Sun Yat-sen.

[6] Several of his brothers-in-law were licentiates of HKCMC and practiced with him in Hong Kong.

Selected bibliography: Chinese Club, Hong Kong [internet]. Choa, Gerald Hugh, The Life and Times of Sir Kai Ho Kai, Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 1981. Hardiman, David (Ed.), Healing Bodies, Saving Souls: Medical Missions in Asia and Africa, New York: Editions Rodopi B.V., 2006. The Hong Kong Government Gazette, November 20, 1897, #495; February 5, 1915, #58; June 9, 1922, #264; November 23, 1923, #5111; June 4, 1926, #311; December 17, 1926, #695; June 10, 1927, #349. Report of the Director of Education for the Year 1927. Report of the Secretary for Chinese Affairs for the Year 1921. Smith, Carl T., Chinese Christians Elites, Middlemen, and the Church in Hong Kong, Hong Kong Hong Kong University Press, 2005. Xu Guangqiu, American Doctors in Canton: Modernization in China 1835-1935, New Brunswick, New Jersey, Transaction Publishers, 2011.


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